The Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000

Understanding Gun Ownership in South Africa

For individuals considering gun ownership in South Africa, navigating the legalities and requirements can be a complex process. The Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000 (FCA) serves as the legal cornerstone of gun control across the country. The Firearms Control Act 60/2000 outlines the basic regulations and procedures for obtaining and possessing firearms in South Africa.

What is the purpose of the Firearms Control Act?

The FCA 60/2000 aims to establish a comprehensive system for firearm control and responsible gun ownership in South Africa. Its primary objectives include:

  • Enhancing public safety: The Act strives to uphold the constitutional rights to life and bodily integrity by preventing the proliferation of illegal firearms and reducing gun-related crimes.
  • Regulating firearms: The FCA regulates the entire lifecycle of firearms, encompassing their supply, possession, safe storage, transfer, and use. This includes addressing the responsible use and storage of firearms to prevent accidents and misuse.
  • Combating illegal firearms: The Act empowers the state to remove illegally possessed firearms from circulation, thereby enhancing overall public safety.

Obtaining a Gun License in South Africa

Owning a firearm in South Africa requires a gun license. And, when applying for a gun license, you will notice that the Legal Test Unit Standard is an entry-level requirement for all firearm types. The Firearms Control Act 60/2000 outlines the different types of licenses available, each catering to specific needs and purposes:

  • Competency Certificate: This is the foundation for all firearm ownership. It signifies that the applicant has undergone mandatory training and possesses the necessary knowledge and skills for handling firearms safely.
  • License to Possess a Firearm: This license permits the holder to possess a specific type and number of firearms within their designated safe.
  • Permit to Purchase a Firearm: This permit authorises the purchase of a specific firearm from a licensed dealer.

Important Considerations:

It’s crucial to remember that the FCA is a comprehensive piece of legislation with various regulations and requirements. Individuals seeking gun ownership in South Africa should:

  • Consult the South African Police Service (SAPS) website or local authorities: The SAPS website provides detailed information on the FCA, application procedures, and relevant forms.
  • Seek guidance from a qualified firearms trainer: These professionals can assist with navigating the application process and ensuring compliance with the FCA’s stipulations.
  • Stay informed about amendments: The FCA is subject to amendments, so staying updated on any changes is crucial for responsible gun ownership.


This blog post is intended for informational purposes only and should not be misconstrued as legal advice. It’s vital to consult with legal professionals and the South African Police Service for comprehensive and up-to-date information on gun ownership regulations in South Africa.

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